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Differences between the Present Perfect Tense and the Simple Past Tense.

The present perfect is used when the time period has NOT finished:
have seen three movies this week.
(This week has not finished yet.)

The simple past is used when the time period HAS finished:
saw three movies last week.

The present perfect is often used when giving recent news:
Martin has crashed his car again.
(This is new information.)

The simple past is used when giving older information:
Martin crashed his car last year.
(This is old information.)

The present perfect is used when the time is not specific:
have seen that movie already.
(We don't know when.)

The simple past is used when the time is clear:
saw that movie on Thursday.
(We know exactly when.)

The present perfect is used with for and since, when the actions have not finished yet:
have lived in Victoria for five years.
(I still live in Victoria.)

The simple past is used with for and since, when the actions have already finished: 
lived in Victoria for five years.
(I don't live in Victoria now.)



WAJIHAH ABD RAHIM


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